Classroom Activities: 

Primary/Junior Classrooms Intermediate/Senior Classrooms

1.  Paint a picture showing the First Nations People talking to the early settlers of Canada.  How would they have dressed?  How would they have showed that they agreed?

Paint a picture of you and your friend making an agreement. 


2. Talk about agreements.  Ask students:  How does it feel when you get more than you thought you would get?  How does it feel when you get less?  Why is it important to be fair to everyone?  Role play some possible agreements, both fair ones and unfair ones.


3.  Colour a picture of your home.  Would you be able to give some of it away if visitors came and wanted to live in your home?  Draw your “selfie” of how you would feel.

1. Create a wall display where they can post newspaper articles about current First Nations land claims.

2. Ask students to write a research report about a modern-day land claim in Canada (e.g. the Labrador Innu, the Northwest Territories First Nations, or the British Columbia Treaty Process, the Algonquins of Ontario). Students can address some of the following issues in their report:

    • How long have the negotiations been going on?
    • How does the agreement protect and revitalize First Nations cultures?
    • How will the agreement affect non-Aboriginal peoples?
    • How will First Nations and governments work together to manage resources?
All Classrooms

1. Provide a writing prompt where students are invited to think about what it would be like to have to give up their land, their home. 

2. Host a classroom visit.  Invite a person knowledgeable about treaties and land claims to speak to the class. If students live in an area covered by a historical treaty, teachers could ask an Elder to share some of the oral history or a First Nations leader to discuss how the treaty affects his or her work.

N.B. Be sure that students prepare some questions for the speaker. Students should also present the speaker with a gift, preferably one that they have created with their own resources. 

Follow appropriate protocol:

3. Using a First Nations and Treaty Map, ask students to find the treaty land:

  •  where they were born
  • where they live now
  • where their school is located.